Dreams – What You Know About And What You Don’t?

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Many people saw dreams. Sometimes they are as beautiful as the fantasy world, or sometimes they are quite frightful. Well, there are various types of dreams which will be discussed later.

what are dreams?
A burning question — what are dreams?

Here everybody wants to know what are dreams. The answer is very simple: they are thoughts – a sequence of emotions, feelings, ideas, images, etc. that befalls unwillingly in the brain throughout the different stages of the sleep cycle.

Dreams vary from person to person regarding their beliefs, culture, religion, and also a society where they live. They can be hidden desires, emotions, a result of stress, or random brain activity. – Freudian theory of dreams  


“A mode of thinking internally; with minimal brain activity and with external stimuli blocked.”


“A series of thoughts, images, and sensations occurring in a person’s mind during sleep.”

Historical Insight

  • In Roman and Greek periods, people believed that they were messages sent by gods; they were future predictions.
  • Around 5000 years ago in Mesopotamia, they were chronicled on clay tablets.
  • In 1989, Sigmund Freud developed a psychological technique to interpret them; moreover, he also formulates the outlines which help in the understanding of motives and symbols seem.

How they occur?

Dreaming takes place during the REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep. In this stage, the eyes experience random movements. The REM stage is when the body and mind are at rest. The brain allows brain waves to reinforce old memories and form new memories too.

Note: It is not necessary that all the dreams occur during the REM stage, but mostly they can.

Scientific Insight

  • The study of dreams is known as oneirology.
  • Dream interpretation is drawing meaning from them for finding the underlying message they hold.
  • A human spends around six years of their lifespan in dreaming (nearly 2 hours every night).
  • People have 3 to 7 dreams each night.
  • They can be visual or auditory, or both.
  • They occur during REM sleep.
  • Their length varies from a few seconds to 30 minutes.
  • Intermittently drugs and medicines are the reason for dreaming.
A man taking dog's picture in his dream
A man taking dog’s picture in his dream

What do people say about dreams?

  • With the help of dreams, one can express its unconscious wishes.
  • It is the compensation of one-sided feelings one carry in consciousness.
  • You can think or do whatever you want in your dreams, which would never be possible in real life.
  • They are the result of repressed childhood obsessions or memories.
  • People may experience dreaming when they are going through a lot of stress or have anxiety.

What psychology says about dreams?

  • Way of expressing hidden desire.
  • When memories and thoughts are being reconstructed during sleep they occur.
  • They transform your mental schema.
  • Meanings vary from person to person, which depends on how people link their dream images.

To be continued …

For part 2 Dreams – What You Know About And What You Don’t?

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