11 physical fitness components you must know

Physical Fitness

Physical fitness is the ability to perform daily activities like job, sports, exercise, etc.

It doesn’t concern either with how slim and good you are looking or having big biceps and a six-pack for abs.

Fit girl

Are you physically sound and stable to perform routine tasks without getting tired or exhausted?
Congratulations! “You are fit”.

What really is, if your fitness levels are high your body functions work at optimal levels.

It simply means your muscles movement is in a proper way and joints perform a full range of motions.

On the other hand, poor fitness level makes your body weak and limits your ability to perform routine tasks at optimal levels.

11 most common components of physical fitness are divided into two groups. They defined a person’s fitness levels.

The groups are:

  • Health-related components
  • Skilled-related components

Health-related component

We consider health-related components to measure fitness levels. They help to become and stay physically healthy.

The five components are:

Health components infography
1. Body composition

Body composition explains the percentages of body fat, bone, water, and muscle.  It is a proportion of fat and fat-free mass in a human body.

2. Cardiovascular endurance

It means how capable of heart and lungs to deliver oxygen-rich blood to working muscles. These muscles produces energy for continuous activities.

3. Flexibility

It is the range of motion at your joint or group of joints to move it effectively.

4. Muscular endurance

The ability of a muscle or muscle group repeatedly apply force or to hold a stable or unchanged contraction over time.

5. Muscular strength

Muscular strength is the maximum force a muscle or muscle group can apply during a contraction. In other words, the ability of muscles produces force.

Skill-related components

These components help in boosting one’s performance in sports, activity or athletic.

The six components are:

Skilled components infography
1. Agility

Agility is a skill to control and change movement and position of the body when a body is in constant, rapid motion. 

2. Balance

Balance is a skill of controlling body posture and position when a person is moving or standing still.

3. Coordination

Coordination is a skill to integrate senses together with body parts or to integrate two or more body parts together.

4. Power

Power is a skill to move the body parts on time while applying a maximum force of the muscles.

5. Reaction Time

Reaction time is a skill, it is an amount of time to react, respond or get into motion quickly.

6. Speed

Speed is a skill helps to move your body or parts quickly from one point to another in a short period of time.

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