Tomatoes | All You Need To Know About

General profile

Name: Tomato

Type: Vegetable

Binomial name: Solanum lycopersicum

Source: Flowering Plant (Tomato plant) – Nightshade plants

Seasonality: Summer and early fall (mostly July to September)

Production: Widely grown in temperate climates across the world

Color: Red Yellow and Orange.

Taste: Sweet

Ripe Tomatoes

Nutrition summary

Calories: Low

Protein: Moderate

Fat: Low

Saturated Fat: Low

Cholesterol: None

Carbohydrates: High

Fiber: High

Sodium: Low

Main vitamin: Vitamin A and C

Main mineral: Potassium

How to buy

Check its quality by taking a few steps:

  • Buy tomatoes from the grocer who stores them at room temperature.
  • Choose bright color tomatoes having smooth and shiny skin.
  • Tomatoes should have skin squeezed little but not feel mushy
  • Tomatoes have sweet, earthy smell, do check them by smelling as stronger a tomato smells, the more flavor it will have.


Avoid storing tomatoes in a refrigerator in this way they will not lose their flavor and turns mealy in texture. Also, buy them one or two days before you plan to use, fresh tomatoes have more flavor.

Ripe Tomatoes: store them at room temperature and avoid sunlight. Don’t store for a longer period of time.

Unripe Tomatoes: good to store at room temperature but you can also freeze it in a plastic sealed bag.

Ripe — fully developed or matured and ready to be eaten or used.

If you want them to ripening fast, then wrap them in a paper bag with banana/apples and leave overnight.

NOTE — They refrigerated for up to 1 month. Best way to place them in a plastic bag and then refrigerate.

Preparation Tips:

  • To get enhance flavor and juiciness get them off from the refrigerator at least 30 minutes earlier to use.
  • Wash them under cool water before slicing and serving.
  • Should remove the core of the tomato by cutting around the green stem.
  • Also, cut off the top and bottom of tomato before use.

Consumption methods

  • Take Raw (as a snack or in salads).
  • Sauces made by tomatoes used widely.
  • Take its juice as a health drink.
  • Used in baking.
  • Used in grilling.
  • Drink juice of tomatoes.
  • Used in a roasting.
  • Used in cooking recipes.

Health benefits

  • Reduced risk of heart attacks, strokes, blood pressure and lower the LDL cholesterol due to the presence of lycopene.
  • Contain potassium that helps in heart functions, muscle contractions, and maintaining healthy blood pressure and fluid balance.
  • Have vitamin A, which supports immunity, vision, and skin health.
  • Have vitamin K, which is good for bones
  • Fulfill daily 40% need of vitamin C.
  • Protect skin from sun damage, aids improve cell rejuvenate, moisturizes dry skin, reduce inflammation & aging and lighten skin tone.
  • Again, the presence of superstar compound lycopene provides assistance in prostate, ovarian, lung, and stomach cancers.
  • fluid and fiber in tomatoes are supportive in constipation.
  • Tomato pulp is an excellent cure hair loss, used as a hair conditioner and helps in treating dry hairs.
  • The high amount of Vitamin C in tomatoes fights dandruff and supports proper scalp tissue development.

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)

Red tomatoes, raw


74 kJ (18 kcal)


3.9 g


2.6 g

Dietary fiber

1.2 g


0.2 g


0.9 g


Quantity %DV

Vitamin A equiv.


lutein zeaxanthin

42 μg 5%

449 μg 4%

123 μg

Thiamine (B1)

0.037 mg 3%

Niacin (B3)

0.594 mg 4%

Vitamin B6

0.08 mg 6%

Vitamin C

14 mg 17%

Vitamin E

0.54 mg 4%

Vitamin K

7.9 μg  8%


Quantity %DV


11 mg 3%


0.114 mg  5%


24 mg  3%


237 mg 5%

Other constituents



94.5 g


2573 µg

Link to USDA Database entry

*Units: μg = micrograms, mg = milligrams

Side effects

  • Tomato leaves are harmful can cause poisoning when taking in large amount. Some symptoms are severe mouth and throat irritation, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, headache, mild spasms, etc.
  • Tomatoe consist histamine which results in some types of allergies.
  • They are high in potassium and high potassium level in the blood leads to kidney diseases.
  • If you are suffering from diarrhea avoid tomatoes, they are harmful due to their oily and acidic nature.
  • The acidic property of tomatoes may lead to heartburns in certain cases.
  • In IBS (Irritable bowel syndrome) tomatoes trigger bloating.
  • Access use of tomato in the diet causes a migraine headache.
  • They are the great source of lycopene and in some cases cause lycopenodermia (deep-orange pigmentation on skins).  This is not considered as a health hazard but is appealing to look at.
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